Born in Dili, Timor-Leste, Jose Ramos-Horta, was sent to the Catholic boarding school of Soibada, the oldest in the country, completing high school in Dili. He pursued University and post graduate studies in the 80’s in US, UK, France and Holland.
At age 25 Ramos-Horta was appointed Minister for External Relations following the Unilateral Declaration of Independence in 1975. Three days before Indonesian invasion of the country on 7th December 1975 he left for New York and in the following 24 years, Ramos-Horta was the international advocate of the Timorese resistance at the United Nations, US, Europe, Australia, etc.
In December 1996 J. Ramos-Horta shared the Nobel Peace Prize with his compatriot Bishop Carlos F. X. Belo.
From 2001 to 2006 he was a Senior Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs, Prime Minister in 2006-2007, and President from 2007 to 2012.