In the face of geopolitical challenges and regional conflicts, Ukraine's military has been the subject of intense scrutiny, both domestically and on the global stage. As a nation with a history of territorial disputes and security threats, the strength and readiness of the Ukrainian Armed Forces play a pivotal role in ensuring the nation's sovereignty and stability.

Ukraine's military prowess stems from its standing as the second-largest country in Europe, with a sizable population of around 40 million people. The Ukrainian Armed Forces consist of the Ground Forces, Navy, Air Force, and various supporting branches, each trained to defend the country's interests on land as well as in the maritime and aerial domains.

In recent years, Ukraine has invested significantly in modernizing its military infrastructure and equipment. With substantial defense expenditures amounting to nearly 3% of its GDP, the country has demonstrated its commitment to enhancing its military capabilities. Key acquisitions include new main battle tanks, armored personnel carriers, artillery systems, and modernized aircraft.

Furthermore, Ukraine's military has gained valuable combat experience through its involvement in the Russian-Ukrainian War and the ongoing conflict in Eastern Ukraine. Despite facing a powerful adversary, the Ukrainian forces have exhibited resilience and determination, defending their territorial integrity and sovereignty. This experience has honed their tactics and preparedness for future challenges.

Looking ahead, Ukraine aims to further enhance its military capabilities and interoperability with international partners. Participation in joint military exercises with NATO and other allied nations has become a routine aspect of its defense strategy. These exercises provide opportunities to bolster military cooperation, exchange expertise, and enhance readiness to address contemporary security threats.

Nevertheless, the Ukrainian military still grapples with certain challenges. Sustaining high defense spending amid economic pressures and resource constraints poses a dilemma for the government. Additionally, the ongoing war in Eastern Ukraine demands continued vigilance and dedicated resources.

The prospects for Ukraine's military depend on the country's commitment to reforming and modernizing its defense sector. By addressing corruption, streamlining defense procurement, and investing in military personnel training, Ukraine can further solidify its military standing in the region.

What Ukraine has accomplished in the last 10 years

It is worth noting that it was after the 2013–2014 Maidan protests that Ukraine began its own production efforts. During Petro Poroshenko's presidency, Ukraine developed the "Neptune," a Ukrainian coastal mobile missile system equipped with anti-ship missiles. It is designed to target combat ships such as cruisers, destroyers, frigates, and corvettes, as well as assault, tank landing, and transport ships, both independently and as part of a group. Additionally, the "Olha" multiple launch rocket system (MLRS) with new guided ammunition was also created. As of 2023, both weapons have proven to be effective during the war with Russia.

Furthermore, new armored vehicles like the "Kuguar" and "Spartan," along with new sniper rifles, machine guns, and other equipment, were introduced. Amidst the ongoing conflict, Ukraine developed and deployed the "Bohdana" self-propelled artillery system, capable of effectively engaging the enemy at distances exceeding 40 kilometers using NATO-compatible munitions.

In 2016, the Antonov plant unveiled the new cargo aircraft AN-132D. The AN-132D was built in just one and a half years and can carry up to 9.2 tons of cargo. The aircraft boasts a wingspan of 29.2 meters, a length of 24.5 meters, and a height of 8.8 meters. Apart from Ukraine, Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, and Saudi Arabia contributed to the development of the AN-132D cargo aircraft.

Additionally, in 2018, the new transport aircraft An-178, designed by the engineers of the Antonov State Enterprise, took to the skies. Approximately 78% of the components for the aircraft are domestically produced in Ukraine. These advancements in the aerospace and defense sectors highlight Ukraine's efforts to enhance its military capabilities and foster international cooperation in technological development. Ukraine's commitment to indigenous production reflects its determination to bolster its defense industry and assert its position in the global defense market. Despite challenges, the country's strides in developing advanced weaponry and innovative technologies signify a promising future for the Ukrainian Armed Forces and its national security.

Even in shipbuilding, Ukraine is succeeding. Together with Turkey, Ukraine is constructing the corvette "Hetman Ivan Mazepa." This achievement comes under President Zelensky's tenure. In December 2020, the Ukrainian Ministry of Defense signed a contract with a state-owned company of the Turkish defense complex to build the corvette for the Ukrainian Navy. Several corvettes will be constructed. Consider this: all this has been accomplished in the last 10 years. Ukraine is a unique country, facing challenges like corruption, conflicts, and wars, but it has demonstrated its immense potential in the defense sector.

In conclusion, Ukraine's armed forces have proven their ability to defend the nation in times of adversity. With ongoing modernization efforts and a keen eye on geopolitical developments, Ukraine has the potential to fortify its military strength and contribute to regional and global security initiatives. As the nation navigates its way through complex geopolitical waters, the effectiveness of its military will remain a crucial element in shaping the country's future.