Coral reefs are one of the most striking maritime populations. Large underwater forums or structures consisting in principle of skeletal structures of colonial marine invertebrates. But certain types of corals are flexible organisms that create some of the world's most diversified ecosystems. Intelligently resemble or mimic plants and trees and include species such as sea fans and the sea, but are vulnerable to environmental changes.
They are home to about 25% of all known marine species, representing more than 4,000 species of fish. It is also possible to find 700 species of corals and thousands of other plants and animals.
Not by mistake, they are often referred to as the "rain forests of the sea with thousands of coral species discovered all over the world.
Recently, however, a survival situation has arisen. Climate change has not only produced images of white and skeletal coral reefs throughout the world. More common pictures around the world show changes in beneficial algae that generate energy forcing corals to lose their white color.
What is going on
The Gulf of Aqaba is one of the marine regions with a highly fluctuating environment. The combined efforts made it possible to normalize coral populations and show how to adjust acidity and temperature in the reservoirs according to their experiments. Researchers could carry out experiments simultaneously in aquariums and on computers, hoping to gain a better understanding of the physiology and genetics of reef ecosystems. Perform simulated experiments on corals remotely allowing hands to get wet only when needed. They have thus developed models of evolution which make it possible to predict catastrophic losses in the reefs and more precisely disaster losses at intervals of up to one hundred years. They can predict that most of the world's coral reefs will die between now and the end of this century.
But not only that They found that some corals are more resistant than others and appear to do better in warmer waters. Therefore, they proposed that the entire Gulf ecosystem be used as a model for restoration once the stress of climate change is reduced. The first conclusions were that in the Gulf of Aqaba there are corals unaffected by ocean acidification and the steadily warming waters.
Things aren't as bad as they thought
There is a small window of opportunity for saving the reefs depending on how we will apply science to rescue the problems. So, they started working. Several simulated aquarium systems have been implemented with the possibility of identifying potential indicators of survival in the degradation process. They hoped they would be able to shed light on and why the corals in this particular case are so resilient. Despite the sensitive features of the maritime environment, no catastrophic mass event occurred in the northern Red Sea.
Yes, there is hope, but things are not so easy
In our fight against the deterioration of the reefs, the behavior of the corresponding populations in the Gulf of Aqaba that allows them to resist global warming could give us an answer.
Now a series of controls applied over there permit researchers to monitor them and make adjustments, test different corals species in the Gulf of Aqaba and found why they are much more tolerant of increased temperature.
But to begin applying solutions for reefs, it is estimated that strong cooperation is needed as shown in the video. People talk about a bright light, but is that enough?
At this point, it is important to note that coral reefs are not only reservoirs of biodiversity, but also important sources of food, income and pharmaceuticals. The contribution to local companies in terms of tourist and industrial revenues is particularly important. It is very important to discover exactly what is happening biologically in the coral population of their threatened biosystems all over the world and act accordingly. We need to uncover important ecological factors in reefs where they amplify any innate resiliency of corals or are current dynamic trends in bleaching.
The question therefore arises as to what to do about pollution
We know that coral reefs require a clean and clean water environment to survive. But if pollutants enter the coral environment, they can affect them, impair the growth of algae and ultimately decrease water quality. All possible pollution paths must be taken into account. It means that pollutants from as far away as the root basin, or even from backyards, can enter the marine environment. Pollution may also make corals more susceptible to disease, create barriers to coral growth and reproduction, and cause changes to reef food structures.
But a strong question appears
What to do in case of disaster takes on large dimensions as a tanker full of oil explodes in the sea. What about oil pollution that threatens to wipe out all sorts of maritime lives? How to respond to the potential degradation of coral reefs and their bleaching effects.
Pollution from cargo accidents with oil spills is perhaps the biggest threat, but its impact depends on the means and level of exposure of corals to oil. The question is how a spill affects corals depends on the species and maturity of the specific coral meaning that it depends on the early stages of coral life or not.
The answer, in this case, is cooperation. Strong cohesive effective unlimited and much more.
This is the only way for those who benefit from the marine existence of the area to continue to do so.