In the Roman Lapidary in the New Castle about 100 stone monuments are presented from a time were as large areas of south-western Germany to the Roman provinces of Upper Germany and Raetia. The sculptures, reliefs and inscription stones dating from the middle of the 1st to the middle of the 3rd century AD.

Organized by subject areas, the exhibition shows the importance of stone monuments for the reconstruction of the history and circumstances of almost 2,000 years in Württemberg. As part of the collection of Roman history in Württemberg they form one of the most important historical source species of our country's history and highlight the unique testimonies the different aspects of life in the Roman border provinces. The basis for the Roman Lapidary was laid in the year 1583rd At that time the teacher Simon Studion from Marbach gave seven stone monuments the Württemberg Duke Ludwig. The collection is the oldest component of the Landesmuseum Württemberg and was enlarged in the following years mainly through excavations.

The Lapidary is an excellent extracurricular place of learning. Teachers have on site the opportunity to teach their students to a historical and archaeological contexts to the Romans in Württemberg, on the other hand, the lapidary with its Latin inscriptions offers to practice the language learned in practice. To this end, a handout was created, which is to assist in the preparation of teaching in the lapidary.