In the old days, when women rode and escorted their men to face enemies in the steppes, the earth was pounded by the hooves of proud animals. These women could easily uproot an enemy's heart with their sharp swords, but in their souls, they nourished a love for their partner. After a frenetic battle, a Queen of the Amazon, surprised and shocked, realized that the warrior she had just killed was her lover. She immediately started grieving: “The sun went down for me, forever!”.
In the distant past of mythological tradition, numerous heroes, including Hercules and Achilles, were confronted with the Amazons. The outcome of all the following battles, without exception, was the defeat of the warriors and the murder of their queen. These admirable women were appreciated for their accomplishments and strength by mythology and history.
For years, the real Amazons have been considered pure imaginary beings. Female mythical warriors every hero or Greek champion, like Hercules, had to prove his courage by fighting their queen. Recent archaeological discoveries, however, have unequivocally shown that there were women who matched the description of the Amazon. They probably lived in the north and east of the Black Sea and in the large steppes of Eurasia. In these areas, archaeologists dig and still explore thousands of Scythian graves with female warriors, hunters, riders and bows and arrows used, just like men. The archaeologists found skeletons of women buried with arches, arrows, quivers, spears and horses. At first, it was supposed that a male warrior with his guns was buried. But DNA tests and other bioarchaeological scientific analyses found that they had to do with a female warrior. Also, about one-third of all Scythian women were buried with arms and showed signs of battle just like the men. These women were also buried with swords and knives and tools. This was irrefutable proof that these were women who fit the description of the ancient Amazons.
The interpretation of the "Amazon" is ascribed to Greek historians meaning someone "breastless". However, this idea was rejected by other historians of the time and no ancient artist accepted this story, so nowhere are Amazons with a chest portrayed. Linguists today claim that the name comes from the ancient Iranian or Caucasian language.
Homosexuality in these tribes has not been found, but only one artistic proof in a vase has been identified. It showed a female hunter giving a love gift to the Amazon queen, Penthesilea pointing slightly to a love affair between the Amazons. But just because we have no written proof, a single vase means nothing. It was in the 20th century that the Russian poet Marina Tsvetaeva declared that the Amazons were symbols of female homosexuality in ancient times. It is important to say that the bonds of brotherhood and fraternity were strong for the Amazons.
They portray them as lovers of men, but also as their murderers. Lovers and murderers.
The Amazons were full of tattoos, a popular cultural practice among the Eurasian tribes. Tattoo tools were also found inside scythe burial sites together with tattooed women.
Rumors circulated that the Amazons were giving their sons to the father's tribe a common practice of returning their boys to their fathers living in other tribes. It is probably true. But there's no archeological evidence of mutilating or killing their boys.
But recent archaeological studies support a new role of the Amazon, that of peacekeeping efforts that attempt to explain why the Amazons give up their duties as mothers. That is, returning their boys to their fathers to raise them is considered a practice to ensure good relationships with hostile tribes. It is a way of stabilizing peace, very common in ancient times.
Some scholars consider this possibility, the Scythes send messages for marriage. Alexander the Great actually received a message from a Scythian king, who offered his daughter at marriage as a seal of friendship and devotion.
There are therefore a lot of reasons for Scythians to meet with other leaders. The story or the so-called romance of Alexandre with Thalestris the queen of Amazons could enlighten us.
The Amazon queen's homeland is delimited in the region of Pontus and Colchis, while for some was close to the Caucasus. Some historiographic sources mention that the shoulders of Thalistris are covered with the veil of a despotic leader like a princess or a queen. Could she be the daughter of a Scythian chieftain popularly hailed as the queen of the Amazons?
Elizabeth Baynham, a scholar in the Department of Classical Studies at the University of Newcastle, suggested as historically likely that Thalestris came from Saka and was familiar with riding. Historical evidence points to Thalestris as a renowned warlord. According to Diodoros, she had managed to stand out for her dynamism compared to other equally hard women of the tribe at that time. And that she was looking for a dating partner and descendants.
Thalestris apart from her physical beauty, was well known for her high mental strength in comparison with the other Amazons. Historians also believed that it belonged to an expert group, among others, in recognition, negotiation or exploration, and finally espionage.
But the stories between Macedonians and Scythians are not simple. The conflicts between the Scythians and Macedonians have been numerous. King Ateas of Scythes started clashes with Philip, king of the Macedonians and father of Alexander the Great. The final solution was given in their fight in 339 BC, on the plains of modern Dobruja. King Ateas was killed in this battle at the age of 90 with his army defeated for good. Peace was the result between Scythians and Macedonians, but with the price of concession of 20,000 Scythian women and as many steppe mares to Macedonia.
But the Scythians remembered this defeat and the cost of the concession and began to plan their response. They decided to obtain as much information as they could on the future military plans of the Macedonians.
Information on Alexander’s strategy plans, intended operations, secret weapons, military strength, latent arsenal, new warfare, foreign liaisons, battle arrangements, tactics and many more should be acquired. The Amazon queen Thalestris was the best candidate for the mission and the sexual planned approach was perfect camouflage for this mission. So, hypocritically visiting Alexandre was the next step.
After preparations were completed Thalestris started the trip for Alexander’s camp. The target was after arriving there unleash her spying efforts and collect as much information as she could from Alexander pretending to be erotic and staying with him for many days. Her escort of 300 amazons would do the exact same thing to Alexander's generals.
But was the mission accomplished?