The core of the collections of Western art since 1900 includes painting, sculpture, drawing, printmaking, and photography.

Chronologically, this collection begins with masterworks of early-to-mid twentieth century European easel painting—French, German, Spanish, Russian are particularly notable—and delves into the avant-garde (Cubism, Surrealism, Dada, and German Expressionism).

A selection of works in the UIMA's collection of European Art from 1900–1980 is now on view at the Figge Art Museum in Davenport, Iowa.