With almost two hundred works, this unique retrospective – the most comprehensive to date – dedicated to the work of Franz West seeks to examine the legacy of the Austrian artist, one of the most influential of the last fifty years.

A free and independent spirit with no formal training, Franz West (1947–2012) remained under the radar for almost fifteen years before his sculptures from the early 1970s brought him to international attention in the late 1980s. Paradoxically, this rather delayed recognition and the influence Franz West had on younger generations from the 1990s helped free him from any generational categorisation and granted him a timeless quality. Franz West’s complex character – profoundly individualistic and sceptical, yet, at the same time, continuously engaged in dialogue and discussions tinged with playfulness and sarcasm – led him to developing a unique body of work capable of taking on board and transcending all influences. A genre-defying collection of almost six thousand itemised pieces to date, his work has always blurred the lines between art and life in its most ordinary aspects. Moreover, it flits constantly between the popular and the cultured, action and contemplation, the individual and the group, the natural and the intellectual, and even art and craft.

The exhibition is an exuberant celebration of the artist’s work from 1972 to 2012. It includes his early drawings, produced between 1970 and 1973 and rarely exhibited, as well as his first sculptures, the Passstücke (Adaptives), created from 1973–1974. These can be adapted to the body of the visitor, who can arrange them in such a way as to “reveal their neuroses”. The exhibition also includes a selection of papier-mâché works from the 1980s, as well as various collaborations with other artists, such as Herbert Brandl, Heimo Zobernig and Albert Oehlen. It gathers a selection of his furniture pieces, his chairs and sofas, his Lemurenköpfe or Lemur Heads, his later collages and drawings, the templates for his outdoor works, as well as a selection of his outdoor sculptures.

In this exhibition, the artist is recognised as much for his exceptional capacity for artistic invention as for his irreverent and sarcastic approach. Franz West developed an original style by redefining sculpture as it pertains to the body, the beholder and the verbal dimension. Prefiguring the trash art of the 1990s, he constantly flipped the notions of ugliness and beauty, repulsion and attraction. More than any other artist, he redefined the concept of the auteur and collaboration with other artists, from visual artists to musicians and taking in writers along the way. The exhibition also reveals the importance to Franz West of philosophy and psychoanalysis, from Ludwig Wittgenstein to Sigmund Freud, just as much as his passion for music.