In the late nineteenth century, artists and designers demanded a radical break with the mass-produced, “more is more” aesthetic of the Victorian era. Revolutionizing Design unites textiles and furnishings by these European and American design reformers who laid the foundation for modern design.

The varied design movements at the turn of the century—including the Aesthetic movement, the Arts and Crafts movement, and Art Nouveau—shared a common interest in elevating interior decorating to the status of fine art.

Designers argued that beautiful living spaces and affordable, attractive furnishings could improve society. Their novel ideals, including simplicity and socially conscious design, continue to resonate with designers today.