The last room according to the exhibition’s chronological arrangement is room 10, which was inaugurated on January 31st 2004. It presents the Byzantine legacy in the years after the the Fall to the Ottomans.

The icons on display represent the various schools of painting in the Greek areas under Ottoman and Venetian rule. Prints are also displayed, representing the new genre of artistic expression adopted by the Orthodox Church in the 17th century. At the same time, some exceptional examples of ecclesiastical embroidery, liturgical books and ecclesiastical silversmith and goldsmith are on view.

An attempt is also made to trace features of the Byzantine culture which managed to survive in private life as reflected in private worship and everyday life. Other subjects are the cult of the neomartyrs and the burgeoning of monasticism in Macedonia in the 16th century. Moreover, an approach is made to the survival of aspects of Byzantine culture in the private domain, with references to private worship and everyday life.

The exhibition was co-funded by the Third Community Support Framework, Operational Programme "Culture" 2000-2006 and the Greek Ministry of Culture.