Baekje was a state that originated from Baekje country which was established in the Hangang basin by Buyeo settlers gradually integrated Mahan regions . After that, as the state moved its capital to Ungjin (Gongju at present), and Sabi (Buyeo at present). It flourished as a unique culture.

The Hanseon period (18 BC – 475 AD) is marked by the establishment of Baekje culture, which was open and international. These characteristics are re-confirmed by dwelling sites such as Seokchon-dong Tomb, Monchontoseong (castle) and Pungnaptoseong (castle), etc. During the Ungjin Period (475-538), the state actively embraced advanced Chinese civilization and developed into a cultural power.

It can be conjectured by the Royal Tomb of King Muryeong and the excavated artifacts that indicate the relationship with the Southern Dynasty of China. Baekje culture reached its summit in the Sabi Period (538-660) when original plastic arts and sophisticated handicraft technologies were fully developed. It was during this period that Baekje Incense Burner, the very epitome of the spiritual world and artistic abilities of the Baekje people, was made.

On the other hand, Baekje culture was transmitted to ancient Japan from the early years and exerted an influence on the formation of the Ancient Asuka Period in Japan.