The new permanent exhibition presents the history of Hungarian agriculture chronologically, with a complex approach from the beginning of food production, i.e. the Neolithic to the present day.
The first section displays the agriculture-related tools of peoples that settled in the Carpathian Basin prior to the Magyar Conquest, with the aid of exposed archaeological finds arranged in showcases to the right, and reconstructions of their everyday use placed on the platform along the left-side wall. The second room gives an overview of the agriculture of the occupying Magyar tribes and the early Árpád Period. A yurt, the portable felt-covered tent of Nomads, is erected in the centre, and the exposed house from the Árpád Period below the glass floor illustrates the course of settlement.
The next room features a reconstructed and furnished house and its surroundings from the Árpád Period, while a row of panels on the left wall demonstrates, with documents and illustrations, the evolution of early and late mediaeval agriculture until the Turkish Period. The results of the Szentkirály excavation are demonstrated with showcases, a reconstructed kitchen and a room heating apparatus, animal bone and grain finds. Hungary managed to survive the devastation and fragmentation caused by the Ottoman Turkish occupation by intensifying animal breeding and viticulture. This section of the exhibition is made more expressive with the aid of tool types, ploughs, novel animals and wax plant-moulages.
The third section is dedicated to the presentation of economic recovery in the post-Turkish period and the characteristics of intensive farming in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Its focal point is the scene depicting 19th-century threshing, with the help of contemporary machines, including a British-made steam locomobile imported in 1851, and a thresher. The showcases display material related to the first agricultural schools in the 18th century, the functions of 19th-century veterinary and plant hygiene research institutes and the development of cultivation systems.
The next room illustrates post World War I efforts to rejuvenate Hungarian agriculture. In a small screening room interesting material from contemporary newsreels and professional shows are presented. This section is concluded with a reconstructed experimental wheat laboratory, as an example of the contemporary scientific institutions. The exhibition has an additional interactive corner for children.