The archaeological collections of the Landesmuseum Württemberg involve significant finds and features from 300,000 years of human history.

They are evidence of the first traces of prehistoric man as well as of the world's oldest art of mankind, which was created 35,000 years ago in the caves of the Swabian Alb, by powerful Celts and their princes, the Romans in the hinterland of the Limes and the early medieval Alemanni and Franks, their uncommonly rich grave finds with weapons and jewelry.

Over 300,000 years, a landesarchäologischer bow is drawn, spanning landscapes, climate, rise and fall of peasant cultures, early civilizations and the beginnings of medieval Aufsiedlung. About the state archeology addition, the wide range of antique collection offers a glimpse into the world of advanced civilizations of the Mediterranean from the Bronze Age to late antiquity.